Machining operations like milling exhibit complex process kinematics, which restricts the identification and analysis of fundamental cause-effect interrelations. In order to differentiate the impact of relevant process parameters, a reduction of influencing factors is necessary. For this purpose, a cutting operation with a linear cutting motion, like orthogonal cutting, is beneficial. Such an experimental setup requires suitable tools, workpieces and measurement systems. The experimental assessment of a developed modular design is presented in this publication. In addition to orthogonal cuts, oblique cuts, which are representative for machining operations with respect to the helix angle, were investigated. To analyze process dynamics, interrupted cuts, including a specifically compliant tool system, were performed.