The presented paper provides the alternative options for determining the condition of belt gear based on the testing and monitoring. In order to carry out experimental measurements, a newly developed device for testing, monitoring and diagnostics of belt drives was designed, as well as the possibility of determination of limit states by extreme loads. The designed measuring stand allows to determine the point of destruction of the belt for an extreme load. The process of the belt measurement was to set the predetermined input revolutions of the driving motor by means of the Altivar 71 (FM1) frequency inverter connected to the driving electric motor. The next step in defining the input parameters was to set the load on the driven electric motor. The load on the driven motor was achieved by the torsional moment set by means of the Altivar 71 (FM2) frequency inverter connected to the driven electric motor. In the paper, the analytical calculation is processed. The article mainly points to the innovation of the stand for testing belt transmissions.