The requirements for speed suitability and fatigue strength of motor spindle bearings are constantly increasing. These challenges can be met by further developing the spindle bearings, e.g. by using higher-performance bearing steels. In the following, the experimental investigation results of a spindle bearing made of a new raceway steel tested on a high-speed rolling bearing test rig are presented. Spindle bearings of the type 7008 (hybrid execution) were tested in an endurance run at a rotational speed of 46 krpm and 3 kN axial load. The operating behaviour was validated based on the bearing outer ring temperature and the vibration behaviour. Microscope analysis of the raceways after the test shows that the new steel has good resistance to micropitting and surface fatigue. The calculated contact pressures, wear parameter and lifetime for the bearings in the tests show that the performance limits of spindle bearings are significantly higher than initially assumed.