ENERGY ABSORPTION AND DEFORMATION PATTERN OF CIRCULAR HYBRID CRASH BOX SUBJECTED TO FRONTAL LOAD

Abstract

Crashworthiness is related to the ability of a structure to reduce the effects of a collision risk of injury to passengers and the risk of damage to vital parts of the vehicle. Geometry design of crash box is one important parameter to increase crashworthiness performance by increasing energy absorption through progressive deformation. In previous studies, circular crash box absorbed higher energy than other geometry design. Besides that, another parameter is material design. In other studies, the hybrid model absorbs more energy with a less increasing mass. Hybrid crash box combine low-density and high-strength of composite materials with aluminium materials are affordable and ductile to increase energy absorption. This study aims to develop circular hybrid crash box by variating fibre orientation angle of composite and hybrid material configuration. Crash box design is investigated by using computer simulation with ANSYS Workbench. The crash box materials used are Carbon Toray T300 – Epoxy Resin (CCE) and Aluminium Alloy 6063 (AA6063). Eight of circular hybrid crash box models subjected to axial loading with a speed of 10 m/s. The frontal loading is modelled by setting impactor with mass of 100 kg. Energy absorption and deformation pattern were observed. The results showed that the Al-Ko45 model with orientation angle [45/- 45,-45/45]5 and hybrid material configuration of composite inside has highest energy absorption of 8.24 kJ. The deformation pattern in the aluminium part is mixed of concertina at the first stage then continued by diamond pattern, The deformation composite part is dominated by local buckling with transverse shearing. The fractions or folds of composite is functions like foam-filled filling folds of aluminium deformation to initiate progressive crushing folding that can increase the crashworthiness characteristic as the energy absorption.

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