Human – Robot Collaboration is a new trend in the field of industrial and service robotics as a part of the strategy Industry 4.0. Robots and the strategy itself are known under the German acronym MRK (Mensch Roboter Kollaboration) or the English acronym HRC (Human Robot Collaboration). The main goal of this innovative strategy is to build up an environment for safety collaboration between humans and robots. There is an area between manual manufacture and fully automated production where a human worker comes into contact with machine. This area has many limitations due to safety restrictions. The machine is allowed to be at automatic work only if the operating personnel is out of its workspace. Collaborative robotics establishes new opportunities in the cooperation between humans and machines. Personnel shares the workspace with the robot where it helps him with non-ergonomic, repetitive, uncomfortable or even dangerous operations. The robot monitors its movements by using advanced sensors in order not to limit but mainly not to endanger its human colleague. In this article, the stress is laid on the safety of collaborative robots and the readout and readiness of this technology for its use in production.