EVALUATION OF SURFACE QUALITY OF X210CR12 STEEL FOR FORMING TOOLS MACHINED BY WEDM

Abstract

The stressed parts of forming tools are usually made of tool alloy steel X210Cr12 with additional thermal treatment. When machining these parts, due to the high demands on shape and precision, wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) is used, which a method is belonging to the group of non-convention machining technologies. WEDM uses physical principles to cut material, which enables for machining parts which were already thermally treated. The long-term trend of improving precision and quality of the machined surface leads to the necessity of its thorough studying. This study concerns itself with evaluating the morphology of the worked surface using electron microscopy (SEM) and chemical composition analysis (EDX). The focus was to evaluate the quantity of the adhered material from the brass wire electrode. Furthermore, surface and profile parameters of the machined surface were studied using Atomic force microscope (AFM). Samples for the experiment were made of X210Cr12 steel, which was treated with 4 different thermal treatments.

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