The paper deals with the analysis of shape deviations, causes of their origin and offers their brief overview. At the same time it points out the methods and possibilities of measurement of shape deviations by means of contact and contactless techniques. The paper focuses also on errors which might influence the measurement results. The main aim of the presented paper is practical measurement of shape deviations by means of the most frequently employed measuring devices. It provides the overview of the particular measured values and presents the view of effectiveness, simplicity and accuracy of the individual measuring methods and devices.