CRYOGENIC MILLING OF METASTABLE AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL AISI 347

Abstract

The metastable austenitic stainless steel AISI 347 offers the possibility to induce a phase transformation from γ-austenite to ε- and α’-martensite when machining. This knowledge is well understood during cryogenic turning and was already applied to improve the surface morphology of metastable austenitic steel. However, the potential of this in-process hardening method is so far limited to rotationally symmetrical components. The aim of this study is to investigate deformation induced phase transformation during cryogenic milling, aiming at an improved surface morphology and at the resulting beneficial surface properties of the workpiece for parts with complex geometries.

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