OPTIMIZATION METHOD FOR DESIGNING OF HYDRAULIC ELEMENTS

Abstract

Two methods are generally possible to design and optimize hydraulic components and devices. The classic method is the experimental method. In the hydraulic laboratories, various models of components and devices are examined to understand their basic properties, to verify proposed assumptions, or to alter derived theoretical equations to equations that approximate reality, etc. In some cases, which are very difficult to solve theoretically, or even yet unsolvable, you can only get the values you need using an experiment. However, not all phenomena can be described through models. Mathematical-physical modeling is a method by which Mathematical models based on the application of physical laws and phenomena can achieve the necessary results. These mathematical models consist of the definition of equations describing the given processes, which must be solved by means of numerical methods. Fluent, CFX Computerized software is used to solve the problem. Simulation can be performed within these softwares, which allows to evaluate different variables in a short period of time, to change the design of the element to suit the application, etc. However, it is a prerequisite to check the retained results by the experimental method. The method of optimizing the parameters and shapes of products and equipment is already an integral part of the design process. This achieve product shape improvement without having to produce A number of Prototypes, you can create a variety of variants and perform simulations for different conditions. At present, the mathematical optimization method is based on the principle of adjunction, which is part of the ANSYS Fluent solution, which means saving time and finance while achieving qualitative improvement. The article focuses on the theoretical and practical possibilities of using this method in the field of hydraulic elements.

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