Approaches to detect energy efficiency measures are associated with time consuming analysis requiring expertise. Against this background, this paper presents an expert system to identify potentials for improving the energy efficiency of metal cutting machine tools based on measurement and meta data of 35 machines. For this purpose, it is necessary to determine energy states of machine tools and control strategies of their support units. Therefore, unsupervised and supervised learning algorithms are applied and evaluated. Based on energy states, control strategies and descriptive statistics, performance indicators are developed for enabling automatic selection and prioritization of application-dependent efficiency measures.